Snow Leopard Server and Linux client using LDAP and libpam-krb5

Posted: May 24th, 2010 | Author: | Filed under: Kerberos, krb5, LDAP, Linux, Mac OS X Server, Snow Leopard | 1 Comment »

This is an extension article to my previous article Open Directory, Kerberos, Single Sign On (SSO) and CentOS with SSH and Kerberized NFS Home Directories. I had some requests from different Linux users out there how to incorporate authentication for Linux flavours other than CentOS. For this example we’re going to use Debian Lenny with some Ubuntu 10.04 refs thrown in.

Preperation – LDAP

First download all the packages that we’ll need.
Debian
apt-get install nss_updatedb ldap-utils libpam-ldap libnss-ldap nscd
Ubuntu
apt-get install nss_updatedb ldap-utils libpam-ldap libnss-ldap nscd nslcd
During the installation debconf should ask you some questions, here are my answers

LDAP server Uniform Resource Identifier: ldap:/// (Note the "ldap://", NOT "ldapi://"!)
Distinguished name of the search base: dc=foo,dc=bar
LDAP version to use: 3
Does the LDAP database require login? No
Special LDAP privileges for root? No
Make the configuration file readable/writeable by its owner only? No
Make local root Database admin. No
Does the LDAP database require login? No
Local crypt to use when changing passwords. crypt

If you’re not on Debian you can edit these options in the file /etc/ldap/ldap.conf and /etc/libnss-ldap.conf

Next, edit /etc/nsswitch.conf and change

passwd: compat
groups: compat

--to--

passwd: files ldap
groups: files ldap

Now restart the nscd service ( and nslcd if you’re using Ubuntu 10.04 )

Verify you can see the users via LDAP with the id or getent commands

jordan@elm:/$ id jordan
uid=1000(jordan) gid=100(users) groups=1001(ldap-admin),1022(fgstaff),1023(ssh-access),100(users)


jordan@elm:/$ getent passwd | grep jordan
jordan:x:1000:100:Jordan Eunson:/net/home/jordan:/bin/bash
jordan@elm:/$

Preperation – libpam-krb5

Download and install the packages
apt-get install krb5-config libpam-krb5

Then edit your /etc/krb5.conf file. Now here what you *could* do is copy the one from you Mac. If you have a Mac client already bound to your Open Directory installation then open the file /Library/Preferences/edu.mit.Kerberos and copy and paste the content to /etc/krb5.conf

Here is an example of mine for the realm FOO.BAR

[libdefaults]
default_realm = FOO.BAR
[realms]
FOO.BAR = {
admin_server = od-master.foo.bar
kdc = od-master.foo.bar
}
[domain_realm]
.foo.bar = FOO.BAR
foo.bar = FOO.BAR
[logging]
admin_server = FILE:/var/log/krb5kdc/kadmin.log
kdc = FILE:/var/log/krb5kdc/kdc.log

To test to see if this is working type the command kinit and see if we can get a ticket from the Kerberos Key Distribution Center


bart:~ jordan$ kinit jeunson
Please enter the password for jeunson@FOO.BAR:
bart:~ jordan$ klist
Kerberos 5 ticket cache: 'API:Initial default ccache'
Default principal: jeunson@FOO.BAR

Valid Starting Expires Service Principal
05/24/10 16:30:35 05/25/10 02:29:14 krbtgt/FOO.BAR@FOO.BAR
renew until 05/31/10 16:30:35

bart:~ jordan$

Kerberos Authentication

Now that we have our Kerberos client working we can integrate the local system to LDAP for user lookup and Kerberos for passwords with PAM libraries.

/etc/pam.d/common-account

account sufficient pam_unix.so
account required pam_krb5.so

/etc/pam.d/common-auth

auth sufficient pam_unix.so nullok_secure
auth sufficient pam_krb5.so use_first_pass
auth required pam_deny.so

/etc/pam.d/common-session

session required pam_unix.so
#session required pam_mkhomedir.so skel=/etc/skel/ umask=0022
session optional pam_krb5.so minimum_uid=1000

Now try to login to your Linux client either on the console to see if it works. To finish up with Kerberizing the client please read this article


One Comment on “Snow Leopard Server and Linux client using LDAP and libpam-krb5”

  1. 1 Karsten said at 11:26 am on June 10th, 2010:

    Thanks for your nice post, i will try to implement it next week and report my success!


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